Material of conductor
Typical conductor material for power cable is copper and aluminium.
The use of other materials may be needed in special applications. Any material can be simulated by defining the parameter values individually. Some materials can be found e.g. on elektrisola
- Aldrey (AL3): This hardened alloy is characterized by high strength, good elongation and chemical resistance. A special heat treatment sets a high conductivity. Wires made of this alloy are used for overhead conductors. A good description is given in the document 'Aluminium in der Elektrotechnik und Elektronik' by Aluminium-Zentrale e.V., Düsseldorf, 1. Auflage.
- Bronze (Brz): Bronze (CuSn4 to CuSn10) is an alloy that consists primarily of copper (90-96%) with the addition of other ingredients. In most cases the ingredient added is typically tin (10..30%), but arsenic, phosphorus, aluminum, manganese, and silicon can also be used to produce different properties in the material. All of these ingredients produce an alloy much harder than copper alone.
- Brass (CuZn): Brass (CuZn5 or CuZn10) consists of copper and 4-11% zinc plus small amounts of lead (Pb < 0.05%) and iron (Fe < 0.05%). It has very good mechanical properties and corrosion behavior, comparable to that of copper. The low conductivity and the outstanding bending proof performance makes it the preferred choice for heating applications. Furthermore, bare wire is suitable for electric discharge removal of material (spark erosion). Copper zinc alloy wire is available in all insulation and self-bonding enamel types, as well as bare wire and litz wire.
- Nickel (Ni): Nickel is especially characterized by very high resistance to oxidation and chemical corrosion. Wires of pure nickel are mainly used for the manufacture of connections for heating elements.
- Stainless Steel (SS): Stainless steel wires are suitable for several industrial applications.
- Physical and mechanical properties for naturally hard copper alloys such as Bronze and Brass can be found in the electrical-contacts-wiki
|AL3||Aldrey (EN 50183)|